Outdoor cultivation is the process of cultivating a plant outdoors in its natural environment. It is considered the easiest way to grow cannabis. The grower does not need to control light conditions, transplant, etc. Growing cannabis outdoors is not limited to pot size or floor space.
This allows her to maximize her growth potential and produce a bountiful harvest.
When to start growing cannabis outdoors?
In each climate zone, the time to plant hemp seeds outdoors comes in different months. Here it is worth focusing on the temperature at night. When it does not drop below +10 degrees, then you can start. Photoperiodic varieties are planted as early as possible so that they grow as much as possible before entering the flowering phase. You can wait a little with autoflowers. They are planted depending on the duration of the life cycle, so that they have time to mature before the onset of cold weather.
Before planting cannabis seeds in open ground, a suitable place is selected. The site must be well lit for at least 8 hours a day, and the time of presence of shade on it is minimized. It is better to place the beds from north to south perpendicular to the axis of movement of the sun, then the plants will receive the same amount of solar heat. The soil is selected drained and dry, with a low sand content. It is important that it contains a sufficient amount of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. It is possible to determine a favorable soil by the presence of abundant vegetation.
Choosing an outdoor cannabis variety
Sativa dominant strains are varieties of marijuana that have their genetic origins in the equatorial territories of Jamaica, Thailand, Mexico and Cambodia. Slender sativa bushes can grow several meters high. The maturation period in the open field of this hemp, under favorable conditions, continues continuously throughout the year. It is able to grow green mass during the flowering phase. Brings bountiful harvests and invigorating high-effect. It is not resistant to temperature extremes and stress slopes, which makes it capricious for outdoor cultivation. The most unpretentious outdoor sativa varieties are: the euphoric and serenity Euforia strain, the tonic and sensation-enhancing Durban Poison strain.
Indica hemp is native to Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and Nepal. It is characterized by a compact structure of shrubs, small growth, abundant foliage and a relaxing stone effect. The life cycle of indica cannabis outdoors is faster than that of sativa, due to the climatic conditions of the region of origin. This type of cannabis is endowed with strong immunity and easily tolerates low temperatures. This makes indica suitable for outdoor cultivation in most parts of the world. The most popular indica varieties are LSD and Ladyburn 1974 cannabis.
Ruderalis is a weedy wild hemp. It is endowed with resistance to negative factors and is able to enter the flowering phase regardless of the light regime. The main disadvantage of this species is the low content of THC.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds have adopted the main advantages of ruderalis. The vegetation phase of autoflowering varieties lasts an average of 3-5 weeks, and the life cycle takes 6-11 weeks (depending on the variety). They are resistant to temperature extremes, fungi and pests. These two features make autoflowers the best outdoor cannabis strain in cool climates and short summers. For example, B. Lee Auto strain and Think Different sativa autoflower will surprise you with their vitality.
Big Devil XL Auto and Six Shooter from FastBuds.
Indica and Sativa hybrids
Indica-sativa hybrids are varieties of cannabis whose genotype is dominated by indica and sativa genes. They are created to combine the positive qualities of these two types. It all depends on the predominance of certain genes, but, as a rule, the growth of hybrids does not exceed 1.5 meters, and the effect brings a balanced effect. They have a shorter life cycle than sativas. They bring average yields in terms of quantity and are endowed with indica resistance to negative factors.